Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Social Marketing for ACOSS

Question: Talk about theSocial Marketing for ACOSS. Answer: Presentation: Social advertising is another methodology consolidated by todays associations to arrive at the mass. It is normally pressed with data about the association, which draws people groups consideration towards the items, the association is advertising. The social advertising requires a limited time message that normally leaves an effect on the crowd. Australian Council of Social Service is a backing gathering, which centers around the social government assistance in the nation. The association plans social arrangements for those associations and people, which are engaged in social government assistance. The motivation behind this report is to break down the social showcasing plan for the Australian Council of Social Service. Another arrangement for crusading will be dissected here with the assistance of an exhaustive writing. A limited time plan will be remembered for the report alongside a SWOT examination for the association. The crusades adequacy will be examined with the assistance of the 4Ps promoting model. Foundation of the Organization: As indicated by the perspectives given by Lawrence (2016), Australian Council of Social Service was established in the year 1956 for giving assistance to the people and associations, which works, for social government assistance causes. It gives government disability and a few sorts of administrations intended for the upliftment of the destitute individuals in the nation. The individuals who are jobless, crippled, destitute, and confronting social burdens are the focal point of the projects of the association. The current CEO of the association Dr. Cassandra Goldie was formerly working with the Australian Human Rights Commission. Australian Council of Social Service tends to the social issues of the nation for the most part within the sight of the Australian government. The association helps numerous different associations with similar perspectives with creating plans and arrangements. Writing Review: Australian Council of Social Service has among numerous different objectives, creating experience-based arrangements. The association gives hearty and comprehensive discussion component for the partners. As expressed by Martinez-Harms et al. (2015), Australian Council of Social Service works together scholastics and specialists for the creation of reports, which adds to open comprehension of themes like neediness, its effects and arrangements. It draws universal and national exploration experience for growing new strategies, which have the capability of lessening destitution and imbalance in the nation. The arrangements are pertinent for different nations too. As expressed by Dobson et al. (2015), the study had done by the association shows feature destitution rate tumbled from 13.9 percent in 2013 to 13.3 percent in 2014. In most recent ten years youngster neediness in the nation expanded by two percent. 57.3 percent of the individuals having a place with the underneath destitution line depends on the government managed savings as their fundamental pay source. These outcomes drawn by Australian Council of Social Service helped the legislature and different associations too in tending to the neediness in the nation, which in any case got away from the necessary concentration from the administration. Crusade Focus: The investigates by the Australian Bureau of Statistics have indicated that the wellbeing condition in the nation has decayed altogether because of consistent increment of nervousness and misery. Around forty-five percent of the all out populace is experiencing these side effects. 2,000,000 Australians experience the ill effects of tension issues and one million Australian individuals experience the ill effects of misery. As indicated by the perspectives on Newburn and Stanko (2013), the reasons of gloom have expanded fundamentally in the nation over the most recent couple of years. The reasons are situational. Nervousness issues are increasingly regular in the nation. Following the perspectives on Williams and Smith (2014), it very well may be said that, it would profit numerous people just as associations, if Australian Council of Social Service could concoct crusade intends to battle this emotional wellness issues saw by numerous Australians in a conscious manner. The battle will make customized answers for people just as for gatherings. Proficient therapists will help making the projects. The projects will be exceptional. For instance, the experts will assist numerous establishments with incorporating fun exercises in their week after week schedule. SWOT Analysis: To comprehend the inner circumstance of the association and decide how the crusade will play out, the accompanying SWOT examination is finished: Qualities: Not at all like benefit making associations Australian Council of Social Service is charge excluded. Offer items at a low cost because of the nonappearance of duties. Colossal number of effective volunteers is accessible in the association. Having such a significant number of volunteers lessens the expense of the association. Shortcomings: The association can't offer significant compensations like benefit making associations. Business visionaries have no enthusiasm for putting resources into Australian Council of Social Service as it won't make any benefit. Budgetary deficiencies are regular issue in the association. Openings: Individuals award good cause abundantly with no desires for financial returns. The administration gives appropriations and different aides through arrangements. Many benefit causing associations to give assets to advance Australian Council of Social Service. Dangers: The association is defenseless against monetary emergencies. High notoriety must be brought out all through so as to get noble cause and gifts. Table 1: SWOT investigation for Australian Council of Social Service. Source: As made by the creator. The SWOT investigation shows that Australian Council of Social Service being a philanthropic association has a lot of solidarity which benefit making associations miss. As per the thoughts of Baum et al. (2013), ACOSS can find support from the legislature in the hour of need. The shortcoming of the association is regularly it goes through shortage financing. It makes issues for paying the workers. It demoralizes individuals from landing into the positions offered by the Australian Council of Social Service. The gifts make open doors for the association to set and accomplish the objectives. The legislature likewise assumes a significant job in making open doors for the association and its battles. During financial emergencies, the gifts evaporate. It hits the associations spending plan and objectives adversely and fundamentally. Target Market: The objective market for the Australian Council of Social Service for the battle is engaged to the age bunch with lower limit of sixteen years. There is no furthest breaking point for the age, as the issue is appeared to increment with more age. Following the perspectives on Sanders (2017), distinctive age bunches have various purposes for discouragement and tension, which requests diverse age gatherings to be considered with determined models. As expressed by Bloch et al. (2017), the downturn level relies upon the age gatherings. Henceforth, the association needs to make redid programs for the clients, which will suit the planned age gatherings. As g The association additionally requires help from specialists with sound mental ideas who will help in building up the projects. Diverse age gatherings and their characteristics must be thought of while making the altered projects. 4Ps of Marketing: The accompanying business sector examination is required to break down and search for the correct way to present the projects. It will show how the battles will address the downturn and nervousness issues in various age gatherings. Product:The item in concern is the crusade tending to the downturn and tension in the Australian populace. The crusade will be created by the age bunches in nation. The battle will be isolated into two classes. Following the thoughts of Lawrence et al. (2015), it very well may be said that, the primary classification will require arriving at the objective populace independently with the assistance of expert therapists. The subsequent class will be planned to arrive at the huge gatherings of individuals through mass contemplation and week by week fun exercises in workplaces, schools, and other working spots. This will help individuals both exclusively and all things considered. The uniqueness of the items will draw consideration of the individuals and help them concentrating on the reason for the crusade. Price:The cost of the crusade will be immense as it addresses nearly the entire populace both altogether and exclusively. Thus, the association needs to create assets from various sources. For this reason, the association needs to give an away from of the battles objectives and the advantages that the general public can profit by. The perspectives given by Rickwood et al. (2014), states that, the administration of Australia can help for this reason with planned approaches. Place:The introduction procedure will be begun in Tasmania. Different schools, workplaces, and different organizations will be drawn closer to pick up the consideration from the blended age gatherings. The battle will at that point spread everywhere throughout the nation. Advancement: To contact individuals from all age bunches the correspondence forms must be picked cautiously. Following the perspectives on Baldwin (2016), it very well may be said that, the correspondence forms must be cost proficient and all encompassing. Different online life stages will be utilized for this reason like Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and others. Different mediums like the printing and video media may likewise be utilized after the instatement procedure. Eye catching Message: An eye catching message is required by the association to contact every one of those individuals, who need the assistance from this battle. The message requires an appealing and centered appearance to contact the proposed individuals as given beneath: Try not to let misery and uneasiness remove your joy. Allow us to help Viability of the Message: The message given above is basic and spotlights on the aftereffect of sorrow and tension. It makes desperation against the issues of sadness and uneasiness.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Diversity in UK universities as a result of Globalization Essay

interconnected both monetarily and socially. Globalization is really the procedure of monetary, mechanical, political and socio-social powers I. e. globalization alludes to the adjustment or advancement of qualities, information, innovation and conduct standards across various social orders and nations around the globe. The attributes of globalization are for the most part connected with worldwide systems administration (I. e. web, electronic correspondence or innovation and so on. ) with interflow of data in the financial, social, political and social learning regions, interflow between worldwide partnerships and contenders, universal coordinated effort and multi-social combination and worldwide town and innovation. There are four measurements to globalization and they are 1) Building the worldwide economy, 2) Formation of world sentiment, 3) Democratization, or the production of a worldwide network and 4) The development of worldwide political establishments. (Globalization) The beneficial outcomes of globalization in any economy is that, it has opened a more extensive idea of correspondence all through the world, it helps on getting interest in a nation, with the assistance of globalization individuals and organizations presently approach various results of different nations, there is a steady progression of capital and money in the creating nations, there is likewise an expansion in the creation segment of the organizations because of interest for their items around the world. The administrations around the globe are attempting to take care of natural issues with the assistance of globalization. The individuals are getting progressively social and open towards one another and all the more significantly there has been an expanded improvement in the region of innovation, which has caused a decrease in the cerebrum channel for instance, the individuals of Asia are currently working in the own nations however for remote organizations (as opposed to traveling to another country for work), these individuals are making outside trade for their particular nations. There is likewise an expansion in the progression of correspondence inside the world; the worldwide market has the opportunity to trade merchandise and capital. Another beneficial outcome of globalization is that there is an expanded rivalry between the organizations to bring down costs which will profit the end buyer. Globalization gives expanded media inclusion. Because of globalization the natural issues can be settled with conversations. Another beneficial outcome of globalization is that there are unhindered commerce zones and the nations need to pay less duties and amounts. Another impact of globalization is that universal equity frameworks and courts have been propelled and overall budgetary markets have been made also. Furthermore, let’s not overlook migration between the nations have expanded ten times. (Points of interest of globalization, 2007) Globalization has favorable circumstances as well as there are a few impediments to it too. The principal drawback of globalization is that nearby organizations are presently been taken over by the remote worldwide organizations. Because of globalization there is an expansion in human dealing, another detriment is that the advantages of globalization are not widespread which implies that the created nations are turning out to be more extravagant step by step and the creating nations are not progressing rapidly and poor people nations are getting more unfortunate as the time increments. Another negative impact of globalization is that there has been abuse of work worldwide and the created nations have begun to re-appropriate assembling and office employments, which implies that the quantity of occupations has diminished. What's more, let’s not overlook because of globalization the costs continue expanding in light of the fact that the administrations don't be able to keep up social government assistance conspires inside the nations. Also, to wrap things up because of globalization, psychological oppressors would now be able to get refined weapons effectively for mass decimation. (Upsides and downsides of Globalization) Different kinds of globalization As we realize that globalization is the procedure of financial, innovative, political and socio-social powers. There are various types of measurements to globalization. What's more, they are as per the following:- †¢ Economic †¢ Sociology †¢ Anthropology †¢ Psychology †¢ Cultural †¢ Communication †¢ Political †¢ Geographic Economic Globalization: monetary globalization can be characterized as accelerating of the between connectedness between all the perspectives. Monetary globalization connects the occupation to the creation of products and enterprises. The making of worldwide commercial center was finished with the assistance of monetary globalization. Monetary globalization for the most part relies upon the positive and negative marvel. As of late with the assistance of financial globalization the created nations like UK are coordinating with the creating nations like India through remote venture, it assists with decreasing the exchange obstructions and by westernizing their societies. (Monetary Globalization) Political Globalization: political globalization can be characterized as the rise of a world government (like World Bank and IMF), which helps in controlling the connection between the administrations. With the assistance of globalization the created nation can appreciate a solid and sound economy for instance, USA. USA appreciates being the force to be reckoned with and having a solid and an affluent economy and development because of globalization. Land Globalization: topographical globalization really implies that with the assistance of globalization the geological separations are decreased. As we realize that separation is estimated in time accordingly separation normally experiences pressure or obliteration when discussing topographical globalization. With the assistance of globalization data can reach to remote areas of the world. Social Globalization: social globalization can be characterized as the transmission of culture around the world. The transmission is finished by the development of individuals, items, images and signs. The things that are viewed as significant in social globalization are correspondence and transportation. The worldwide culture markets are for the most part determined by innovation and these business sectors are for the most part ruled by UK, US, Japanese and Chinese organizations. Radio and music industry is viewed as the most ideal method of speaking with the world; it is the significant wellspring of correspondence in the creating nations like India. Music is viewed as profoundly good with globalization since it doesn't want to be interpreted. Film and TV are likewise viewed as one of the significant ways for conveying around the world. Brain research of Globalization: it is presently being contended that these days’ individuals around the world, with the assistance of globalization are currently creating bicultural personality, which is a mix of neighborhood character and worldwide culture. That sort of personality makes disarray among the young people of non-westernized societies. The impact of globalization is that it has made character gives that is there are a few people who themselves select their own way of life which isolates them from the worldwide culture.

Saturday, August 1, 2020

One Giant Leap

One Giant Leap Im up early. Im up REALLY early, and its not because I stayed up, its because I woke up . . . to go study. Finals are coming up! You see, theres this little class called 2.006 also known as Thermal Fluids Two and its a wee bit difficult. Difficult in that since Friday morning at 7 Ive been studying pretty much non-stop. The final is on Monday, that gives me 1.5 more days to learn everything. The good part? I think Im almost there. I actually think Ill be ready for Monday *crosses fingers* But, I digress. I walked out of the dorm this morning at 6:20 AM. As I ritually do, I check the dome before I head down dorm row towards campus, just because the dome is so visible and Im more likely to see a hack in the morning than in the afternoon or evening. So, step 1, check dome. Step 2, get really excited and head back inside for my camera. Step 3, photograph dome from afar to share on blog. YAY! They put a BUMP on the dome. Obviously, from this distance, whatever was up there wasnt quite as impressive as I think it was supposed to be, so I detoured from my studying route and headed over to Killian. Now, I dont have some fancy SLR or tripod or anything, Ive got a cybershot throw-in-your-pocket camera. BUT it loves taking pictures outside and the digital zoom is pretty good, so Ive got two more pictures for you, one from farther away and then the same picture zoomed in really close. Ive played with the brightness and contrast in order to make things a bit more visible. Ahhhhhhh, ok, I get it now. Its a lunar lander! Apollo 11 probably, since the 40th anniversary is coming up. Yeah, that looks similar! From the distance I could see that white circle above the ladder blinking, so there are at least some onboard electronics. Im guessing theyre not solar powered but it does add a nice touch. So thats that! Happy soon-to-be 40th Birthday Apollo 11, MIT remembers you!

Friday, May 22, 2020

A Reading Of Myself By Walt Whitman - 849 Words

A reading of â€Å"Song of Myself† â€Å"Song of myself† is one of Walt Whitman’s excellent poetry of the Leaves of Grass. Referring to the word â€Å"myself† from title, it is presumable that the poem is talking about Whitman himself. Moreover, in this poem, he uses several times the word â€Å"you†. To some extents, â€Å"you† can be referred to his beloved readers. This poem is like a conversation between the speaker and the readers. He tells the readers about his passion to the world and asks us to find him. In addition, to other degrees, â€Å"you† also can be regarded as American people. In the poem, he addresses his passion to his nation, to American people. He wants them to read his poem and it will bring them benefits. Overall, this is a poem to praise Whitman himself, to set free his human passion and to address his beloved readers. In the first stanza, Whitman tells us that he sees a hawk â€Å"accuses† and â€Å"com plains† him. His response is to feel immensely humbled as he sees elements of himself in the hawk. In particular, the comparison between himself and the hawk is based on the elemental power within it and the fact that his voice is untranslatable and described as a barbaric yawp†, which leaves us with an echo in the air. He uses similes to make himself be a hawk, to show his confidence and unruly voice. He is under no restraint whatever. Then, he started to say goodbye. The day seems to wait for him to get ready to move on and it leadsShow MoreRelatedEssay about Walt Whitman as a Voice for the People1185 Words   |  5 PagesWalt Whitman as a Voice for the People The proof of a poet is that his country absorbs him as much as he absorbs his country. This brilliant quote from Walt Whitman thus ends his preface to Leaves of Grass, and thereafter begins the poem Song of Myself. To many, upon their first reading, this was a crude, shocking and distasteful piece of work. but to me...this was a celebration of life. And not just a celebration of his own life, but of every life, of the American life. WaltRead MoreSong of Myself by Walt Whitmas Essay1045 Words   |  5 Pagesbecome one with it. By all means, these few can be called ‘idle city men’ or, according to Charles Baudelaire’s 1863 essay â€Å"The Painter of Modern Life†, they are flà ¢neurs. I believe a worthy example of a man such as this, is the persona in Walt Whitman’s â€Å"Song of Myself†. He is a flà ¢neur in all ways but one. In â€Å"The Painter of Modern Life†, Baudelaire gives a very extensive and profound description of what aspects one needs in order be considered or labeled a flà ¢neur. 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Whitman believed that individualism stems from listening to one’s inner voice and that one’s life is guided by one’s intuition. The Transcendentalist centered on the divinity of each individual; but this divinity could be self-discoveredRead MoreThe Song Of Myself By Walt Whitman And Howl1353 Words   |  6 PagesBoth â€Å"Song of Myself† by Walt Whitman and â€Å"Howl† by Allen Ginsberg are important pieces of American poetry. â€Å"Song of Myself† was written in the 1850’s and â€Å"Howl† was written about a century later. Both poets were part of groups that wanted to change America – the Transcendentalists and the Beats. Transcendentalists believed in the goodness of people and nature. They believe that people are at their best when they are truly independent. The Beats rejected standard values and materialism. They experimentedRead MoreLeaves of Grass by Walt Whitman Essay1248 Words   |  5 PagesLeaves of Grass by Walt Whitman In the twentieth century, the name Walt Whitman has been synonymous with poetry. Whitmans most celebrated work, Leaves of Grass, was the only book he ever wrote, and he took a lifetime to write it. A large assortment of poems, it is one of the most widely criticized works in literature, and one of the most loved works as well. Whitman was unmarried and childless, and it has been noted that Leaves of Grass consumed him greatly; James E. Miller Jr. writes: #8230;heRead More References to Homosexuality in Walt Whitmans Song of Myself1210 Words   |  5 PagesReferences to Homosexuality in Walt Whitmans Song of Myself WHITMAN WAS MORE MAN THAN YOULL EVER BE, said a student of Louisiana State University. When asked questions of your sexual preference or thoughts on the issue of sex, I would venture to say it makes most people uncomfortable. This is an age-old topic that people know about, yet do not want to talk about. He was particularly reticent about his issues regarding sex and his particular sexual preference. In fact, of WhitmansRead MoreSong Of Myself By Walt Whitman1795 Words   |  8 Pagesduring sex and eating. In his gutsy poem to America, Song of Myself, Walt Whitman uses repetition to make music that will bring pleasure to his readers and also shape how they perceive the world. Whitman begins his poem by boldly stating that he celebrates himself. Like the chorus to a song he repeats the word â€Å"I† throughout the entirety of the poem. The meaning of the word transitions from â€Å"I† being Whitman himself, to the people reading his book, and then ending with the reader realizing that â€Å"I†Read MoreEzra Pound, Whitman, And Crudity1081 Words   |  5 Pages Pound, Whitman, and Crudity Walt Whitman was born in 1819 in Long Island but moved to live in New Jersey where he spent most of his life. He was known as an American poet and journalist. He expressed himself in poetry by describing his life and American lives as a poem. His first published poem was Leaves of Grass in 1855, which later became known as Song of Myself. Ezra Pound was born in 1885 and died in Venice Italy, 1972. He was an American poet that criticized other poems and worked with otherRead MoreUnity Of The American Culture Essay2018 Words   |  9 Pagesfound in coming together. American Poet, Walt Whitman captures the strength in the unity of the American people. Through Walt Whitman’s â€Å"Song of Myself,† he demonstrates the value of unity in the American culture. He celebrates the individuals who make up the United States, whether they are the common worker or the very rich. †Song of Myself† invites readers to see the hope and praise he had for all people in the Ameri can Culture. Walt Whitman’s â€Å"Song of Myself† shows the unity of people found in the

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Saturday Mail Delivery (USPS) Should It End

Ending Saturday mail delivery would save the beleaguered U.S. Postal Service, which lost $8.5 billion in 2010, lots of money. But how much money, exactly? Enough to make a difference and stop the bleeding? The answer depends on who you ask. The Postal Service says stopping Saturday mail, an idea that has been floated several times, and moving to five-day delivery would save the agency $3.1 billion. The Postal Service does not take this change lightly and would not propose it if six-day service could be supported by current volumes, the agency wrote. However, there is no longer enough mail to sustain six days of delivery. Ten years ago the average household received five pieces of mail every day. Today it receives four pieces, and by 2020 that number will fall to three. Reducing street delivery to five days will help re-balance postal operations with the needs of todays customers. It also will save about $3 billion a year, including reductions in energy use and carbon emissions. But the Postal Regulatory Commission says ending Saturday mail would save far less than that, only about $1.7 billion a year. The Postal Regulatory Commission also projected that ending Saturday mail would result in larger mail volume losses than the Postal Service predicts. In all cases, we chose the cautious, conservative path, Postal Regulatory Commission Chairwoman Ruth Y. Goldway said in March of 2011. Our estimates, therefore, should be seen as the most likely, middle ground analysis of what could happen under a five-day scenario. How End of Saturday Mail Would Work Under five-day delivery, the Postal Service will no longer deliver mail to street addresses - residences or businesses - on Saturdays. Post Offices will remain open on Saturdays, though, to sell stamps and other postal products. Mail addressed to post office boxes will continue to be available Saturday. The Government Accountability Office has raised questions about whether the Postal Service could realize $3.1 billion in savings by ending Saturday mail. The Postal Service is basing its projections on eliminating city- and rural-carrier work hours and costs through attrition and involuntary separations. First, USPSs cost-savings estimate assumed that most of the Saturday workload transferred to weekdays would be absorbed through more efficient delivery operations, the GAO wrote. If certain city-carrier workload would not be absorbed, USPS estimated that up to $500 million in annual savings would not be realized. The GAO also suggested that the Postal Service may have understated the size of the potential mail volume loss. And volume loss translates into revenue loss. Impact of Ending Saturday Mail Ending Saturday mail would have some positive and plenty of negative impacts, according to the Postal Regulatory Commission and GAO reports. Ending Saturday mail and implementing a five-day delivery schedule, the agencies said, would: save the Postal Service an estimated $1.7 billion a year, nearly half as much as the $3.1 billion projected by the agency itself; reduce mail volume and result in net revenue losses of $600 million a year, far more than the $200 million in lost revenue projected by the Postal Service; cause a quarter of all First-Class and Priority mail to be delayed by two days; negatively impact business mailers, local newspapers that rely on Saturday delivery, residential mailers who would be affected by longer mail transit times, and other population groups, such as rural residents, the homebound, or the elderly; reduce the advantage that USPS has over competitors that do not offer Saturday delivery, particularly delivering postal parcels on Saturdays at no additional charge; and diminish USPSs image, in part by reducing public contact with carriers. Ending Saturday mail would improve USPSs financial condition by reducing costs, increasing efficiency, and better aligning its delivery operations with reduced mail volumes, the GAO concluded. However, it would also reduce service; put mail volumes and revenues at risk; eliminate jobs; and, by itself, be insufficient to solve USPSs financial challenges.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Data Analysis And Discussion Science Fair Free Essays

Daphnia died on day seven in trial two. In a pH of five the Daphnia survived for six day s In trial one and six days in trial two. Len the pH of twelve the Daphnia survived for five days in trial one and in trial two the Daphnia survived for six days. We will write a custom essay sample on Data Analysis And Discussion Science Fair or any similar topic only for you Order Now ; The Daphnia survived less than a week under the strong acids and bases because Daphnia can easily become stressed under different conditions like t he pHs. The water tanks had an increase in Compounds that form H+ ions in the water ankhs (acids; pH of three and five) and an increase Compounds that form OH ions (basis; pH of twelve) as our classed has learned about this in the biochemistry unit. The reason why people would care about our data results and experiment is t hat the Daphnia and the the different pHs are just a representation of what can happen in the real world as aquatic habitats and ecosystems can be critically impacted as different forms Of acids, such as acidic rain and bases and can kill not just Daphnia but also other aquatic organism due to human activity. As w as inform people how vital pH can affect an entire habitat and even ecosystem Our hypothesis was valid because we proved that testing Daphnia in a strong pH (three and five) and a strong acid (twelve) the survival rate of the Daphnia would drop, which did as the Daphnia continued to day from day to day as the e acids and bases caused it harm. The relationship between the Daphnia and the level of independent variable was seen as we put the Daphnia in different pHs and saw that died in different WA How to cite Data Analysis And Discussion Science Fair, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Mughal Empire Essays - Descendants Of Genghis Khan, Mughal Emperors

Mughal Empire Mughal Empire The greatest flourishing of northern Indian culture, art, and imperial strength undoubtedly took place during the reign of the Mughal monarchs of the 16th and 17th centuries. The Mughals were Central Asian descendents of the great Mongol warriors Ghengis Khan and Timur. The Mughals seized power and held on to it by using various methods. The system of government used by the Mughals was also efficent in helping the Mughals to hold on to their power. But the Mughals didn't flourish too long, after the new ruler Auranzeb took control. The Mughal's gained power and were able to hold on to it by Akbar's expert use of diplomacy. Akbar added new territory to the Mughal empire. Along with new territory came diverse ethnicity and problems. To prevent problems Akbar secured the allegiance of the diverse populations within his empire. At the height of his political power, Akbar ended the taxes on non-Muslims and permitted Hindus to build new temples, creating religious tolerance. He also secured Hindu support by negotiating peace treaties. The system of government used by the Mughals was very effcient in holding on to their power. Akbar divided his empire into provinces and districts, giving local governors salaries instead of land grants. This way if the officials were dependent on the central government for income, they would probably not rebel. Akbar set up an efficient tax collecting system and made an effort to ensure that it was applied fairly. Later years however, when Akabar's son and grandson ruled they increased taxes to support military campaigns. However, the Mughals decline set stage rapidly when Auranzeb took leadership. Religious intolerance was at it's height during Auranzeb's rule. His policy caused tension between Hindus and Muslims. Hindu rulers challenged Auranzeb, he reacted by reinstating a tax on non-muslims and destroying many Hindu temples. There was constant warfare which weakened the empire. Along with constant warfare, corruption grew. The treasury was being drained by corrupt officials. The empire had no money to support a strong military, so they required heavy taxes. Which increased problems with peasants. He tried to cut non-military expenses by dismissing artists, architects, and historians. By doing this the growth of the Mughal culture stopped. Many Indian states withdrew their support or declared their independence. Auranzeb died in 1707 leaving his decendants to rule a weakend empire.

Friday, March 20, 2020

An Investigation of the Influence of Organisational Culture on Project Management The WritePass Journal

An Investigation of the Influence of Organisational Culture on Project Management Research Objectives An Investigation of the Influence of Organisational Culture on Project Management Research ObjectivesIntroductionExtra References:Related Research Objectives To explore the link between organisational culture and project management. To evaluate the impact of organisational culture on innovation and project management success. To formulate recommendations on the impact of organisational culture on the management of projects. Introduction This literature review explores the main issues surrounding the influence of organisational culture in the management of projects within the National Health Service and financial institutions (banks). The literature review will also review the available guidelines that assist project managers in tackling the identified issues. To this end, this review will draw on a series of landmark studies in the current body of literature in order to facilitate a structured and critical analysis of the ways in which organisational culture influences project management. Firstly, in order to address this question, the term â€Å"organisational culture† needs to be defined. The enquiry into â€Å"culture† first began at the end nineteenth century (Deshpande and Webster, 1989; Reigle, 2003; Bertho et al., 2001). However, there has been no single, universal definition of organisational culture. Marshall and Marshall (1993) define organisational culture as a melting pot of beliefs, rules, actions, regulations, and attitudes that guide behaviour in an organisational context. In this way, every organisation has its own organisational culture that is formed by its members (Cleland Ireland, 2006). An organisation’s culture can also be formed through the different rites, rituals and the expected patterns of communication and behaviour within the organisation (Mullins, 2007).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   A more conventional way of defining culture, however, is the procedure by which things are carried out and achieved in a given organisation. For example, Atkinson (1990) offers a definition of organisational culture as a set of underlying processes that influence the way in which work is performed. Researchers such as Kilman et al., (1985) and Sackman (1991) corroborate this view and see culture as â€Å"the way we do things around here†. In this way, every organisational culture carries its own modus operandi tha t has positive and negative aspects. For the purposes of this project, this will be the definition that shall guide the literature review and following study.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Considerable research has suggested a significant influence of organisational culture on project performance, and the subsequent success of organisations (Yazini, 2009; Brown, 2008; Andersen et al., 2009). For example, a number of studies have shown that organisational culture influences specific project organisational culture, such as goal planning, employee commitment to project goals, and the performance of project teams (Stare, 2011). Organisational culture can also exert its influence on organisational processes that include decision-making, design, structure, motivation, job-s atisfaction and management control (Pheysey, 1993). Moreover, organisational culture has also been found to influence the â€Å"sub culture† of a project team as indicated in research by Kerzner (2001) who found that organisational culture can impact the trust, connection and co-operation within a project team. Organisational culture can also critically influence innovation, group effectiveness and achievement, and the overall success of an organisation (Reigle, 2001).  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   However, project management has also been found to play a critical role in an organisation’s success. For example, Tidd and Bessant (2009) found that the commitment level of top management is linked with the innovation of an organisation. Moreover, project management is important in maintaining a balance between a team’s culture and an organisa tional culture. In the current times of economic instability, project management is needed to allow individuals to accomplish their individual goals and aspirations as well as the objectives and goals of a project. Moreover, whilst an organisational culture can change, adapt and evolve over time, individuals are often more resistant to change, especially if organisational changes have not been adequately explained to them and they are ignorant of the benefits to the organisation (Cleland Ireland, 2006). In these cases, a project manager is needed to step in and motivate his/her team so that the change takes place smoothly.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Given the importance of both organisational culture and project management on the success of an organisation, a limited amount of research has indirectly drawn links between organisational culture and project management. For example, Shore (2008) hypothesised that the way in which projects a re carried out is deeply influenced by both the project leader, but also the way in which the organisation performs its work. Schein (1991) also suggested that individuals within an organisation cannot create a new organisational culture, but can contribute to its evolution over time. Consequently, an organisation can learn to embrace a completely different modus operandi and adopt a novel way of doing things. However, these kinds of transformations demand high degrees of tolerance and acceptance of change. These changes also often require organisations to be open to deviating from traditional norms and operating in flexible and adaptive ways. In such cases, the role of effective project management is essential, as it is needed to equip others with skill-sets in which they can face changes in the organisational culture. Similarly, Mullins (2007) noted that every organisational culture differs from one region to another, and therefore, the project management must be formulated in suc h a way that it is able to adjust to these changes and explore opportunities for development.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Moreover, for an organisation to be successful in the management of projects, the project team culture must hold values, principles, procedures and management philosophies that are in line with the organisation’s culture (Cleland Ireland, 2006). In other words, there must be equality within the organisational culture. Cultural equality ensures that the management of projects is consistent with the organisational culture that supports a project’s advancement and success. However, this consistency will not exist unless senior managers are able to develop and communicate a vision that effective project management is important, worth doing, and actively supports the use of resources to accomplish project objectives, (Cleland Ireland, 2006).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Due to the aforementioned strong links between organisational culture and project management, some researchers have modified the definition of organisational culture to be a reflection of management authority (Cartwright, 1999). In other words, this definition proposes that an organisational culture that is widely accepted, can help employees alig n themselves with their organisation, internalise the organisation’s beliefs as their own and motivate employees to achieve the organisation’s objectives (Cartwright, 1999).  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   This research therefore, begs the central question of whether organisational culture impacts the management of projects.   In line with this question, research by Pinto (2010) has revealed four different ways in which organisational culture can influence project management. Firstly, culture impacts the ways in which teams and departments communicate and interact with each other when faced with tasks and goals. Secondly, organisational culture influences the attitudes that employees hold towards project goals. Thirdly, culture affects the planning that takes place in preparation for a project. Finally, culture impacts the ways in which managers evaluate project team performance and a project’s success. Using this research as a grounding framew ork, the current study addresses the paucity of research on the impact of organisational culture on project management and aims to delve further into an understanding of the different ways in which culture exerts its impact using an inductive approach. The findings may, in turn, make significant theoretical and applied contributions. In the former case, the research will provide support for a previously under-studied topic. In the latter case, a greater emphasis on project managers in relation to the organisational culture may challenge the â€Å"not invented-here† mind-set (Tidd Bessant, 2009) in which organisations resist change and fail to see the potential of new ideas and inventions. By understanding the relationship between organisational culture and project management, this research will point to the mechanisms such as training of the necessary staff and effective communication that will accommodate changes and bring about enthusiasm, commitment and a sense of involve ment for all employees and managers (Tidd Bessant, 2009). Extra References: Andersen, E. S., Grude, K. V., Haug, T. (2004). Goal directed project management: effective techniques and strategies. London: Konan Page. Brown, C. J. (2008). A Comprehensive Organisational Model for the Effective Management of Project Management. South African Journal of Business Management, 39(3), 1-10. Kerzner, H. (2001). Strategic Planning for Project Management: Using a Project Management Maturity Model. New York: John Wiley Sons. Pinto, J. K. (2010). Project Management: Achieving Competitive Advantage. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Difference Between Natural and Artificial Flavors

Difference Between Natural and Artificial Flavors If you read the labels on food, youll see the words natural flavoring or artificial flavoring.. Natural flavoring must be good, while artificial flavoring is bad, right? Not so fast! Lets take a look at what natural and artificial really mean. There are two ways to look at natural and artificial flavors. First, there is the formal definition of an artificial flavoring, as defined by the Code of Federal Regulations: ... a natural flavor is the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate, or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis, which contains the flavoring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof, whose significant function in food is flavoring rather than nutritional. Anything else is considered artificial. That covers a lot of ground. In practice, most natural and artificial flavors are exactly the same chemical compounds, differing only by their source. Both natural and artificial chemicals are processed in a lab to ensure purity. Safety of Natural Versus Artificial Flavors Is natural better or safer than artificial? Not necessarily. For example, diacetyl is the chemical in butter that makes it taste buttery. Its added to some microwave popcorn to make it butter-flavored and is listed on the label as an artificial flavoring. Whether the flavor comes from real butter or is made in a lab, when you heat diacetyl in a microwave oven, the volatile chemical enters the air, where you can breathe it into your lungs. Regardless of the source, this can cause health problems. In some cases, natural flavor might be more dangerous than artificial flavoring. For example, natural flavor extracted from almonds can contain toxic cyanide. The artificial flavor has the taste, without the risk of contamination by the undesirable chemical. Can You Taste the Difference? In other cases, you can taste a world of difference between natural and artificial flavors. When a single chemical (artificial flavoring) is used to mimic a whole food, flavor is affected. For example, you can probably taste the difference between blueberry muffins made with real blueberries versus muffins made with artificial blueberry flavor or real strawberry ice cream versus artificially flavored strawberry ice cream. A key molecule might be present, but the true flavor may be more complex. In other cases, the artificial flavor might not capture the essence of the flavor you expect. Grape flavoring is a classic example here. Artificial grape flavor tastes nothing like grapes you eat, but the reason is that that molecule comes from Concord grapes, not table grapes, so its not the taste most people are used to eating. Its worth noting a natural flavor must be labeled as an artificial flavor, even if it comes from natural sources if it is added to a product to impart a flavor that isnt already present. So, if you add blueberry flavor, from real blueberries to a raspberry pie, the blueberry would be an artificial flavoring. The Bottom Line The take-home message here is that both natural and artificial flavors are highly processed in a lab. Pure flavors are chemically indistinguishable, where you would not be able to tell them apart. Natural and artificial flavors diverge when artificial flavors are used to try to simulate complex natural flavors rather than one single chemical compound. Natural or artificial flavors may be safe or dangerous, on a case by case basis. The complex chemicals, both healthful and harmful, are missing from any purified flavoring compared with the whole food.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Ethics and Social Responsiility of Corporations Essay

Ethics and Social Responsiility of Corporations - Essay Example Also because there is such a flux occurring , in individuals mind sets regarding their values , norms and belief systems which build up the ethical responsibility list , that it seems as if no individual could ever reach a point where , he/she would be able to describe a perfect list of ethics , ethical responsibility. In the Author's views Schools don't aid students nowadays, in learning or sustaining proper ethical behaviors. So, that they would be able to cope with the global environment. There exists a blame game, which initiates at a point where the business schools are blamed by some. Blamed, for not grooming their students in the right manner in terms of ethical value realization, and responsibilities. When it is time to take responsibility, then we see this Blame hat shifting from individuals to individuals, organizations, teams and groups of individuals. Employees are observed blaming the management for their workload and pressure, the management on the other hand blames the external environment, the competitive forces which are global. There are larger organizations blaming the environment as they believe that, in failing to co ordinate and innovate with the changing trends and patterns of organizations globally would mean bringing the organizations on the brink of extinction. The managements cannot be blamed, neither can the employees, suppliers, or consumers .Globalization has enveloped us all rather quickly and so we all need to cope up with this notion in our individual ways, at our distinct levels. This era of Globalisation has changed a lot many do's and don'ts in the ethical value record book. Because every individual is part of this, the blame will eventually fall to all. Every organization, or an individual on their own have distinct roles in society. So, each is seen playing their parts. Arguments on, whether child labor is acceptable or not Does pollution in third world countries promote employment for individuals Is the meaning of good ethical behavior this that we justify all acts of ours through our views of what seems ethical If management set minimum employee wages, the organization can prosper because of the fact that the organization would be able to sell at cheaper costs thus increasing market shares rapidly. It seems that there is an erosion of the less privileged. This has further shifted our notions in the 'I' direction. We can see characters building up the set of individual ethical mindsets, and values and so we raise a question of whether characters can be built Characters those are responsible ethically. All these and many more arguments have now initiated at distinct forums. Organizations, researchers and individuals are now looking at another picture, how we can comprehend what these changing values, and characters, behaviors and ideas are mounting up to. The traditional views and arguments are all now being overseen by new values, perceptions and belief systems. And so we see that a fresher look is being given to Ethics and Ethical responsibility and education, at distinct levels.It is now, considered essential for all individuals, organizations o look at ethics and define our ethical culture, and value system in a manner that would aid us in critically evaluating our Positions at various levels i.e. of organizational, employee level etc. It is vital that all courses that are designed at